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Golden Temple of Dambulla

Dambulla cave temple (Sinhala: දඹුලු ලෙන් විහාරය dam̆būlū len vihāraya, Tamil: தம்புள்ளை பொற்கோவில் tampuḷḷai poṟkōvil) also known as the Golden Temple of Dambulla is a World Heritage Site (1991) in Sri Lanka, situated in the central part of the country. This site is situated 148 km east of Colombo 72 km north of Kandy. It is the largest best-preserved cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. The rock towers 160 m over the surrounding plains.There are more than 80 documented caves in the surrounding area. Major attractions are spread over 5 caves, which contain statues paintings. These paintings statues are related Lord Buddha his life. There total of 153 Buddha statues, 3 statues of Sri Lankan kings 4 statues of gods goddesses. The latter include two statues of Hindu gods, the god Vishnu the god Ganesh. The murals cover an area of 2,100 square meters  Depictions on the walls of the caves include the temptation the demon Mara, Buddha’s first sermon.

Prehistoric Sri Lankans would have lived in these cave complexes before the arrival of Buddhism in Sri Lanka as there are burial sites with human skeletons about 2700 years old in this area, at Ibbankatuwa near the Dambulla cave complexes.

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