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Sinharaja Forest Reserve

Sinharaja Forest Reserve is a national park a biodiversity hotspot in Sri Lanka. It is of international significance has been designated a Biosphere Reserve World Heritage Site UNESCO.

The hilly virgin rainforest, part of the Sri Lanka lowlrain forests ecoregion, was saved from the worst of commercial logging its inaccessibility, was designated a World Biosphere Reserve in 1978 a World Heritage Site in 1988. The reserve’s name translates as Kingdom of the Lion.

The reserve is only 21 km (13 mi) from east west, a maximum of 7 km (4.3 mi) from north south, but it is a treasure trove of endemic species, including trees, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds mammals.

Because of the dense vegetation, wildlife is not as easily seen as at dry-zone national parks such as Yala. There are about 3 elephants the 15 or so leopards are rarely seen. The most common larger mammal is the endemic Purple-faced Langur.

An interesting phenomenon is that birds tend move in mixed feeding flocks, invariably led the fearless Greater Racket-tailed Drongo the noisy Orange-billed Babbler. Of Sri Lanka’s 26 endemic birds, the 20 rainforest species all occur here, including the elusive Red-faced Malkoha, Green-billed Coucal Sri Lanka Blue Magpie.

Reptiles include the endemic Green pit viper Hump-nosed vipers, there are a large variety of amphibians, especially tree frogs. Invertebrates include the endemic Common Birdwing butterfly the inevitable leeches.

Peaks

  •     Pinipitigala
  •    Mulawella

Access ways

  •     Kudawa entrance – Colombo –> Kalawana –> Kudawa
  •     Pitadeniya Entrance – Galle or Matara –> Deniyaya –> Pitadeniya
  •     Morning Side Entrance — Galle or Matara –> Deniyaya –> Morning Side Estate
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